URGENT APPEAL: Call for justice for victims of killing and arbitrary arrest in the Bicol region, Philippines

Dear friends,

Please join us in our call for justice for the victims of killing and arbitrary arrest in the Bicol region.

Assassination of rights defender and his son in Albay province

At around 8:00 p.m. of 26 February 2014, Rosaldo Rayteran was driving home to Matara village after plying his jeepney route from Polangui town. With him was his 18-year-old son, Rasty.

When they reached Barangay (village) San Pascual, two masked men on board a motorcycle blocked their path and began shooting at them. Rosaldo and Rasty were immediately killed.

Prior to the incident, Rosaldo received threats on his life as coordinator of Albay People’s Organization, a human rights organization, on 10 December 2013, when he was a speaker at a program sponsored by Kadena Bicolandia in Matacon, Polangui to commemorate human rights day.

Coconut worker killed, another arrested and detained in Sorsogon City

On 30 January 2014, cousins Henry Orbina and Bryan Gallega were waiting for a jeepney in Barangay Cabid-an, Sorsogon City, when a police from a nearby outpost approached them and asked them where they work. The two replied that they were workers at a coconut factory. After a few minutes, eight men walked towards them. Gallega saw two of the men pulled out their guns. Fearing for their lives, Gallega and Orbina ran away.

Gallega went inside a house, which belonged to the owner of a nearby gas station, upon hearing gunshots. Gallega heard Orbina say he was hit, so he went outside the house to help Orbina. He flagged down a truck to take them to the hospital, but the truck driver did not stop. Gunshots were fired again. Gallega could not carry his cousin back to the house, so he was forced to leave Orbina behind.

When the firing stopped, a number of policemen entered the house where Gallega was. The police took the names of the people inside the house, including that of the owner, his wife and his employees. They arrested Gallega and took his bag.

According to witnesses, Gallega was brought to the Philippine National Police (PNP) precinct in Barangay Cabid-an, Sorsogon, while Orbina’s remains were brought to a funeral parlor.

On the evening of 31 January, Gallega was taken from his police detention cell, supposedly for a ballistic examination. Gallega heard one policeman say, “Patayin na iyan.” (That should be killed.) His head was covered with a black cloth bag. In panic, Gallega screamed for help and tried to run back inside the precinct. The police immediately removed the cloth bag from his head.

The police charged Gallega with illegal possesion of firearms and explosives.

On 17 February 2014, Sorsogon City Prosecutor Alma Zacarias dismissed the charges stipulating that the search conducted was unlawful, and that the alleged evidence used against Gallega was inadmissible. The Prosecutor added that Gallega’s “alleged admission that he had a handgun could not be taken against him because his right under custodial investigation, particularly the right to counsel, was violated.” The order for Gallega’s release was issued.

Unlawful arrest and arbitrary detention of Karapatan-Bikol spokesperson and Albay rights defenders

On 24 February 2014, almost 100 member-consumers of the Albay Electric Cooperative (Aleco) and their supporters held an assembly inside the Aleco compound. The Aleco consumers protested the impending take-over of the San Miguel Energy Corporation (SMEC), owned by the Cojuanco clan, on the consumers’ electric cooperative which they asserted will result to increased electricity rates.

At past 10:00 am, around 18 policemen, led by police chief Rommel dela Rama and Inspector Reynaldo Castuera, arrived and ordered the protesters to leave the premises. Some of the policemen were in civilian clothes.

Dela Rama threatened that the group will be dispersed if they refuse to leave. Paul Vincent Casilihan, Karapatan-Bikol spokesperson and Atty. Bartolome Rayco, chairperson of the Aleco Multi-Sectoral Stakeholders Organization (AMSSO) and of National Union of People’s Lawyer (NUPL)-Albay chapter asserted they were exercising their rights as member-consumers of Aleco.

At around noon, police chief Dela Rama said the protesters will be arrested if they do not leave. But Rayco and Casilihan insisted that there were no legal grounds for the police to arrest them.

Dela Rama then ordered his men to arrest Casilihan immediately. The police chief pointed to Casilihan and shouted, “Posasan na yan! Hulihin ito!” (Handcuff that now! Arrest this!)

Uniformed policemen gathered around Casilihan. Seeing this, Kilusang Mayo Uno member Hernan Certeza approached Casilihan’s, but he too, was arrested.

Police grabbed Certeza, pushed him to the ground and handcuffed him. Karl Anthony Canata, a 17-year-old artist of the Kaboronyogan Cultural Network was also handcuffed and pushed into a police car with Certeza and Casilihan.
Dela Rama likewise ordered the arrest of Atty. Rayco who was escorted by policemen inside the police vehicle. The police confiscated the protesters’ jeepney and other belongings.

Canata, Certeza and Casilihan suffered bruises while Canata’s elbows were wounded. Canata’s handcuffs were only removed upon insistence of the lawyer. He was transferred to the City Social Welfare and Development (CSWD) at around 2:00 pm.

The police charged Rayco, Casilihan and Certeza with grave coercion and malicious mischief. At 11:30 pm the City Prosecutor ordered their release since the warrantless arrest was not considered valid. The three were released at 1:00 am on 25 February 2014.

Canata, on the other hand, was forced to sign a certification at the CSWD without the presence of any of his parents and legal counsel. A member of the Karapatan quick response team Atty. Maddona Gay Escio, was barred from entering the CSWD to assist Canata and his mother.

Canata was only released at noon of 25 February, after her mother was forced to sign a document stating that she will not allow her child to go to the Karapatan office or be with Casilihan.

The police officers only released the passenger jeepney and other confiscated upon insistence of Casilihan.

UA Date: March 10, 2014

Recommended Action:

Send letters, emails or fax messages calling for:

  1. Justice for the killing of Henry Orbina, Rosaldo and Rasty Rayteran, the arbitrary arrest and detention Bryan Gallega, Paul Vince Casilihan, Atty. Bartolome Rayco, Hernan Certeza and Karl Anthony Canata.
  2. The immediate formation of an independent fact-finding and investigation team composed of representatives from human rights groups, the Church, local government, and the Commission on Human Rights that will look into these incidents of human rights violations, and to arrest and prosecute the perpetrators.
  3. The withdrawal of Oplan Bayanihan, the Philippine government’s counterinsurgency program that victimizes innocent and unarmed civilians.
  4. The Philippine Government to observe the Universal Declaration of Human Rights and all the major Human Rights instruments that it is a party and signatory to.

You may send your communications to:

H.E. Benigno C. Aquino III
President of the Republic <http://www.president.gov.ph/>
Malacañang Palace,
JP Laurel St., San Miguel
Manila Philippines
Voice: (+632) 564 1451 to 80
Fax: (+632) 742-1641 / 929-3968
E-mail: [email protected] <mailto:[email protected]>

Sec. Teresita Quintos-Deles
Presidential Adviser on the Peace Process
Office of the Presidential Adviser on the Peace Process (OPAPP) <http://opapp.gov.ph/contact>
7th Floor Agustin Building I
Emerald Avenue
Pasig City 1605
Voice:+63 (2) 636 0701 to 066
Fax:+63 (2) 638 [email protected] <mailto:[email protected]>

Ret. Lt. Gen. Voltaire T. Gazmin
Secretary, Department of National Defense <http://www.dnd.gov.ph/DND-Key%20Officials.htm>
Room 301 DND Building, Camp Emilio Aguinaldo,
E. de los Santos Avenue, Quezon City
Voice:+63(2) 911-6193 / 911-0488 / 982-5600
Fax:+63(2) 982-5600
Email: [email protected] <mailto:[email protected]>,
[email protected] <mailto:[email protected]>

Atty. Leila De Lima
Secretary, Department of Justice <http://doj.gov.ph/directory-of-officials.html>
Padre Faura St., Manila
Direct Line 521-1908
Trunkline  523-84-81 loc.211/214
Fax: (+632) 523-9548
Email:  [email protected] <mailto:[email protected]>,
[email protected] <mailto:[email protected]>,
[email protected] <mailto:[email protected]>

Hon. Loretta Ann P. Rosales
Chairperson, Commission on Human Rights <http://www.chr.gov.ph/MAIN%20PAGES/contact_us.htm>
SAAC Bldg., UP Complex
Commonwealth Avenue
Diliman, Quezon City, Philippines
Voice: (+632) 928-5655, 926-6188
Fax: (+632) 929 0102
Email:    <mailto:>[email protected] <mailto:[email protected]>

Please send us a copy of your email/mail/fax to the above-named government officials, to our address below.URGENT ACTION Prepared by:
KARAPATAN Alliance for the Advancement of People’s Rights

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